Civilian Casualties of World War Two

Civilian Casualties of World War Two

Approximately 60,000,000–85,000,000 people lost their lives during World War Two, which has gone down in history as the deadliest military conflict in history. Estimates for civilian casualties of World War Two vary widely, with the civilian death toll in the USSR being particularly difficult to estimate. There is still a great deal of debate surrounding the accuracy of Soviet-era archives.

However, the Soviet Union wasn't the only power whose devastating impact is difficult to predict. Nazi Germany, for example, is believed to have been directly responsible for the deaths of more than 10 million people, although historians now estimate this figure could be closer to 20 million. Furthermore, historians claim that there were an additional 19 to 28 million deaths from famine and disease as a result of the war.

Below is a list of the predicted figures for civilian casualties for both Allied and Axis Powers between 1939 and 1945:


Great Britain + Commonwealth 60,000
France 360,000
United States Minimal
USSR 7,700,000
Belgium 90,000
Holland 190,000
Norway Minimal
Poland 5,300,000
Greece 80,000
Yugoslavia 1,300,000
Czechoslovakia 330,000
China (from 1937 on) 10,000,000
Total 25,410,000
Dresden after the bombing, 1945
Dresden after the bombing, 1945

Axis powers:

Germany 3,810,000
Austria 80,000
Italy 85,000
Rumania 465,000
Hungary 280,000
Bulgaria 7,000
Finland Minimal
Japan 360,000
Total 5,087,000

Total civilian casualties Allies + Axis = 30,497,000

Total civilian + military casualties (Allies + Axis) = 55,014,000

MLA Citation/Reference

"Civilian Casualties of World War Two". 2019. Web.