The meaning of medieval surnames were much more important in Medieval England than they probably are now, seeing as we simply take on our parents surname and then possibly a husband’s.
Medieval names normally had meanings attached to them and the following is a list of the more common medieval surnames and their meanings:
|Ashdown||Dweller on ash-tree hill|
|Bigge||Big and strong|
|Browne||Brown-haired or dark-skinned|
|Carpenter||Maker of wooden objects|
|Clarke||Cleric, Secretary or Scholar|
|Cooper||Maker of wooden buckets|
|Foreman||Looks after pigs|
|Hughes||Son of Hugh|
|Nash||Dweller by the ash tree|
|Walter||Dweller by water|
|Ward||Watchman or Guardian|
|Wood||Dweller by the wood|
See also: Medieval Names
"Medieval Surnames and their Meanings". HistoryLearning.com. 2015. Web.