World War Two 1941

World War Two 1941

Two fo the biggest turning points of World War Two took place in the year 1941: the Germans turned their attention towards the Soviet Union, opening its 'Second Front', and Japan attacked Pearl Harbour. The lack of firepower and manpower meant the real impact of these events wasn't truly felt until 1943, but they still spurred on two very patriotic nations that had previously avoided using their full military force against the Axis.

During 1941, however, there were huge successes in the firm of codebreaking. Throughout the year, Allied codebreakers managed to intercept a huge number of coded messages, including a number concerning Greece. This provided the Allied forces with enough time to prepare their defenses. Although the forces could not prevent Greece falling under German rule, codebreaking was a strategy that would eventually prove critical to the Allied nations. This was also aided by the recovery of the first Enigma code machine in May, after which British codebreakers set about trying to crack the Enigma code.

 

See also:

1939

World War Two 1940

World War Two 1942

World War Two 1943

World War Two 1944

World War Two 1945

The USS Shaw exploding during the attack on Pearl Harbour, 7 December 1941
The USS Shaw exploding during the attack on Pearl Harbour, 7 December 1941
1941 Event
January The UK introduced clothes rationing was introduced in the UK.
3 January Italy launched their first of 46 counter-offensives in Albania against Greece, but they repulsed all of them.
22 January British and Australian forces captured Tobruk in North Africa.
29 January South African forces entered Italian Somaliland.
4 February The British encircled the Italians to the south of Benghazi.
6 February

British and Australian forces ventured into Benghazi.

Rommel was made commander of the German Afrika Corps.

10 February Mussolini agreed to Hitler's offer of supplying a German armoured division to Italian forces in North Africa.
12 February Erwin Rommel arrived in Tripoli.
14 February The first German units arrived in Tripoli.
22 February Anthony Eden travelled to Athens to discuss the possibility of a German attack on Greece.
24 February German and British forces clashed for the first time in the Western Desert.
2 March German troops entered Bulgaria.
6 March Ethiopia was invaded by British forces. The Germans placed magnetic and acoustic mines in the Suez Canal, leading to a three week blockage.
9 March Italy launched a huge yet unsuccessful attack on the Greeks.
4 April The Germans captured Benghazi.
6 April

Germany attacked Yugoslavia and Greece.

British forces occupied Addis Ababa in Ethiopia.

10 April The Germans failed to capture Tobruk; leading to the city siege. Zagreb was taken by Germany.
12 April Germany accepted the surrender of Belgrade.
17 April The Yugoslavian Army surrendered.
10 May Britain experienced the remainder of Germany’s heavy air raids, meaning the Blitz reached an end.
24 May HMS Hood lost 1,416 men out of a crew of 1,419 when it was sunk by the Bismarck.
27 May The Bismarck was sunk by the Royal Navy. Only a little more than 100 survived out of a crew of 2,200.
22 June Operation Barbarossa was first launched - also known as Nazi Germany’s invasion of the USSR.
1 September The first German shell landed in Leningrad, beginning a 900 day siege.
27 September Italian forces surrendered at the Wolchefit Pass, Ethiopia.
28 September The first Allied convoy to the USSR took place.
2 October The attack on Moscow took place - Nazi Germany’s final phase of its USSR invasion.
6 October Stalin received a promise from Churchill that a convoy would sail to Russia every 10 days.
28 November Mussolini’s East African venture was finished by Italian forces surrendering at Gondar.
5 December The Russian counter-attack in Moscow began.
7 December The American Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbour got attacked by Japan.
8 December Britain and America declared war on Japan.
11 December Germany declared war on America.
31 December By this time, 53 merchant ships arrived in Russia and delivered 750 tanks, 800 fighter planes, 1,400 vehicles and 100,000 tons of general stores.

See also: World War Two 1942

MLA Citation/Reference

"World War Two 1941". HistoryLearning.com. 2019. Web.