World War Two 1945

World War Two 1945

The year 1945 may have been the final year of World War Two, but it certainly wasn't the quietest. Proving to be just as aggressive as the five before it, 1945 began with the Germans and the Japense struggling to hold up their defensives across key locations around Europe and Asia. However, the events that took down the final two key leaders of the Axis forces were far from similar.

In Europe, having successfully disrupted German defences in Normandy, allied forces marched towards Berlin with force, joined by the Soviet army. As they advance, Adolf Hitler resigned himself to his fate; he wedded his mistress Eva Bruan, before poisoning his dog, his wife and himself in his underground bunker.

Meanwhile, the Japanese were pressed by the United States military aggression, which began with naval bombardment and the bombing of key Japanese coastal towns. By June 1945, the attack by the US had become so strong it forced Japanese Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushjima to follow in the footsteps of Hitler, and he committed suicide on 22 June.

 

See also:

1939

World War Two 1940

World War Two 1941

World War Two 1942

World War Two 1943

World War Two 1944

1945 Event
25 January The Battle of the Bulge ended. The German offensive was unsuccessful and led to the loss of up to 100,000 troops.
13 February Allied bombing raids on Dresden - the ‘Florence of the Elbe’ - began.
16 February The Battle of Iwo Jima started - the US Navy began a 3 day bombardment of Iwo Jima.
19 February US Marines landed on Iwo Jima.
23 February US Marines raise the US flag on the summit of Mount Suribachi.
7 March British and American troops crossed the Rhine.
16 March Iwo Jima was declared secure by US forces.
22 March The US 3rd Army crossed the River Rhine.
29 March The last bomb (a V1) fell on Britain.
1 April America captured Okinawa, the last island held by Japan. The Allies circled around the Ruhr.
12 April F D Roosevelt died from a stroke.
13 April Vienna was taken by the Soviets. Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was handed over to the British who entered it on 15 April.
18 April All resistance in the Ruhr ended. 370,000 German prisoners were taken.
22 April Hitler decided to stay in Berlin 'until the end'.
25 April American and British troops met at Torgau, Germany.
30 April Hitler committed suicide.
2 May Berlin surrendered to the Russian Army.
4 May The German VII Army surrendered.
7 May Germany surrendered unconditionally.
8 May Victory in Europe (VE) Day.
11 May German forces in Czechoslovakia surrendered.
22 June Japanese resistance on Okinawa ended.
12 July Britain held another General Election - Winston Churchill’s replacement as Prime Minister was Clement Attlee.
6 August The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima by the Boeing B-29 Superfortress 'Enola Gay'.
9 August The second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki by the Boeing B-29 Superfortress 'Bockscar’.
2 September Japan surrendered. Victory in Japan (VJ) Day celebrated.
20 November Start of the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.

See also: World War Two 1939

MLA Citation/Reference

"World War Two 1945". HistoryLearning.com. 2019. Web.