First World War Casualties

First World War Casualties

When World War One began, no one could have predicted not only the duration of the war but also the number of men who would lose their lives. In fact, when the war was declared in August 1914 there were celebrations in the streets across Europe’s capital cities.

Even those who envisaged a longer war than others could not have know the horrors soldiers would experience as they endured trench warfare, or how Ypres would go from a fine example of a medieval city to a city of rubble. By 1918, Ypres lay in ruins and the lands that surrounded it had been the site of tens of thousands of deaths. The battles of the Somme and Verdun were particularly bloody, taking the lives of thousands each day as the military struggled to juggle well-practiced but outdated tactics with modern but unreliable weaponry.

Below is a table highlighting the number of people who lost their lives across each of the main countries that took part in World War One. Please note that these figures are rounded up and the total per section (i.e. killed, wounded etc.) will not necessarily equal the total figure.

 

 

Country

Men mobilised

Killed

Wounded

POW’s + missing

Total casualties

casualties in % of men mobilised

Russia

12 million

1.7mill

4.9mill

2.5mill

9.15mill

76.3

France

8.4 mill

1.3mill

4.2mill

537,000

6.1mill

73.3

GB + Empire

8.9mill

908,000

2mill

191,000

3.1mill

35.8

Italy

5.5mill

650,000

947,000

600,000

2.1mill

39

USA

4.3mill

126,000

234,000

4,500

350,000

8

Japan

800,000

300

900

3

1210

0.2

Romania

750,000

335,000

120,000

80,000

535,000

71

Serbia

700,000

45,000

133,000

153,000

331,000

47

Belgium

267,000

13,800

45,000

34,500

93,000

35

Greece

230,000

5000

21,000

1000

27,000

12

Portugal

100,000

7222

13,700

12,000

33,000

33

Total Allies

42million

5 million

13million

4 million

22million

52%

             

Germany

11million

1.7million

4.2million

1.1million

7.1million

65

Austria

7.8million

1.2million

3.6million

2.2million

7 million

90

Turkey

2.8million

325,000

400,000

250,000

975,000

34

Bulgaria

1.2million

87,000

152,000

27,000

266,000

22

Total

Central Powers

22.8mill

3.3million

8.3million

3.6million

15 million

67

             

Grand Total

65 million

8.5mill

21million

7.7mill

37million

57%


Please note that the figures are rounded up and the total per section (such as killed, wounded etc.) will not necessarily equal the total figure.

MLA Citation/Reference

"First World War Casualties". HistoryLearning.com. 2019. Web.